The Conjunctivitis

The Conjunctivitis

The conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the conjunctiva, the mucous membrane that covers the eye and the interior of the eyelid.

The conjunctivitis can be infectious (caused by germs or virus), allergic (caused by a allergic reaction), irritating (caused by an strange object in the eye) or chemical (caused by a chemical substance).

 


Types

Infections Conjunctivitis constitutes the 80%, caused by germs that normally live in the nose and the skin, with more frequency in the summer and the winter, this is present with great inflammation and presence of yellowish or greenish sleep, with a time of incubation approximately of 7 days. In some occasions the infection can compromise the eyelash and other ocular structures, generating the orbital cellulitis.

Conjunctivitis viral, has a duration of 7 to 14 days, it is present with redness of the eyes sometimes in the form of bleeding, watering, photophobia and presence of sleep of white colour and can happen an infectious event respiratory

Allergic Conjunctivitis: Constitutes 25%, with more frequency in the spring and the fall.. The patient refers familiar and /or personal antecedents of bronchial asthma, rhinitis, eczemas, allergy to the powder, pollen (of the herb, some trees as the olive, some undergrowth as the parasitic, etc.), mites (the domestic powder, furniture and mattress), peeling of the skin, epithelium and hair of pet, old and wet buildings basement, attic and some beauty products.

Irritating Conjunctivitis, is an exaggerated reaction of the conjunctiva to an external agent normally irritating (smoke, vapour, emanation, etc.). It is produced in persons very sensible to the chemicals used in swimming pools or exposed to smoke, vapour, or emanation. On the other hand, some of these irritating substances can aggravate the symptoms of a allergic conjunctivitis.

Other kind of conjunctivitis:

ˇ Dry Queratoconjunctivitis
ˇ Vernal Conjunctivitis
ˇ Neonatal Conjunctivitis
ˇ Trachoma

Our eyes are exposed to the environment and can be attacked by microorganisms, such as virus, germs and mushrooms; or contaminated by substances as the smoke of the transport vehicles, waste of fabric, volatile substances of the environment, etc.

The population more vulnerable are the adults from 21 to 60 years and the persons under 4 years of age.

The way to apply the drops is ; to put the child, with the head bent towards behind and looking above; he should close the eyes and apply a drop in the internal edge of the eyelid ("corner of the eye") after this ask him to open and close during some seconds.


Signs


ˇ Sleep
ˇ Scab that are formed in the eyelid during the night
Symptoms
ˇ Red eye
ˇ Burning
ˇ Watering
ˇ Itch
ˇ Secretion
ˇ Pain in the eyes
ˇ Sensation of sand in the eyes
ˇ Blurred Vision
ˇ Feeling to the Light


Prevention

A good hygiene can help to avoid the infection of the conjunctivitis:

ˇ Avoid to touch the eyes with the hands
ˇ Wash the hands with a lot of water and soap ( 3 times per day in the summer)
ˇ Change the cases of the pillows with frequency
ˇ Replace the cosmetics for the eyes with regularity
ˇ Do not share the cosmetics for the eyes
ˇ Do not share the towels nor the handkerchief
ˇ Proper use and care of the contact lens
ˇ Avoid the contact with chemical agents and known allergens
ˇ After leaving the sea rinse the hands and face with potable water
ˇ Do not use small bottles with open ophthalmic drops and / or without use during long time. Avoid the self medication.
ˇ Avoid the places exposed to contamination (swimming pools without proper chlorine and beaches declared no suitable by the sanitary authority, among others)

If you have the illness

ˇ Apply cold cloths in the eyelids
ˇ Clean the affected zone with a lot of water
ˇ Do not go to places over crowded
ˇ Infusion of plantain or camomile, three times per day and during five days
ˇ Go to the Ophthalmologist.

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