Frequent Questions

Frequent Questions

01.- żWhat kind of illness can be treated with the Surgery Láser? The majority of the problems of the vision can be treated, such as myopia, longsightedness and astigmatisms.

02.- żWhat are the alternatives for the treatments with Láser? Obviously the alternatives are the lens. The contact lens can correct almost all the refractive defects such as the myopia and the astigmatisms, but the majority of persons with this kind of problem have used lens or contact lens before the operation with Laser.

03.- żWhat are some of the disadvantages of the lens or contact lens? Both create dependency and in some activities or sports are uncomfortable. Many people are no tolerant to the contact lens and they can bring them all the day. The persons lose them or break them. The contact lens can cause infection, irritations and dryness in the eyes.

04.- żCan I be a candidate for the surgery with Laser? Near the 95% of the persons are suitable for the surgery with Láser.

05.- żWhat are the surgical options nowadays? The surgical options nowadays are based in the correction of the vision with Láser. Years before there was an option known as radial keratomia where fine cuts were made in the cornea to change its form. Obviously the vision was improved but the cornea was weaken. Instead the surgery with Láser is safe and effective.

06.- żWhat is LASIK? LASIK (Laser Assisted in-Situ Keratomileusis), queratomileusis assisted in situ. The name is regarded to the use of a laser to change the form of the cornea without invading the adjacent cellular layers. In situ is a Greek term that means "in the natural place or normal ". In medical terms, in situ jeans confined to the place of origin without invasion of the surrounding tissues. Querato is the Greek Word that means cornea and mileusis means "give form". LASIK is a surgical technique that is able to correct a great variety of cases of shortness of the sight (myopia), longsightedness (hiperopía) and astigmatism.

07.- żHow long does the procedure last? The total time of the procedure last approximately 15 minutes in both eyes. Generally less than 1 minute the eye is exposed to the Laser. Each pulse of the laser finally removes a microscopic layer of the tissue of the cornea until correct the curvature of the cornea. The majority of patients subjected to operation come back to their normal activities the following day.

08.- żWhat type of anaesthesia is used for LASIK? The procedure is carried out with a topic anaesthesia (drops for the eyes) to anaesthetize the eye. To help to its relaxation, it is possible to give to the patients a small quantity of oral sedative.

09.- żHow long this kind of intervention has been carried out with laser? Since its introduction in 1991, more than one million of persons have solved his visual problem with ocular surgery with laser (LASIK).

10.- żDoes Myopia or longsightedness with astigmatism can be operated ? Yes. The technique LASIK allows to correct the myopia or the longsightedness with astigmatisms in the same intervention modifying the curvature of the cornea and letting the same curvature in all the cornea, eliminating this way the myopia or the longsightedness with astigmatism at the same time.

11.- żWhat is the limit of graduation to resort to the laser? Nowadays the limits are situated approximately in 13 for the myopic persons and 6 for the persons who suffer of longsigtedness and persons who suffer astigmatism.

12.- żIs a definitive operation? If the intervention is practiced with the graduation stabilized, the problem refractive should not appear never.

13.- żHow long does the intervention last? The intervention is very fast, it lasts only some minutes depending of the graduation to be corrected. Do not require previous preparation and after 30 minutes of rest and a first post operation checking, the patient can abandon the clinic walking..

14.- żIs it a painful intervention? Not at all, in occasions, this can produce small nuisances similar to that produced by a speck of powder or a light pressure in the eye. The intervention is carried out trough the use of anaesthetic drops that are applied on the cornea and the patient does not feel anything during the intervention.

15.- żWhat happens if I move the eye during the intervention? I does not happen anything, since the laser has a system of follow.

16.- Up of the ocular movement. żIs the post operation very complicated? The procedure LASIK, because of its simplicity, does not require compulsory post operation medication, but for more security, we recommend some eyewashes and artificial tears that should be installed during a short period of time.

17.- After the intervention żwhat? A medic checking is programmed after 24 hours, after the week, the month and the last control is carried out after 3 months for the definitive medical discharge. If finally I decide to operate

18.- żhow long will last my recuperation to start my normal activity? The visual recuperation is normally very fast, practically in hours, you can start your normal activity the following day in the majority of the cases. Although the best results and the complete stability are reached after a week. But, in some occasions, the objective is reached in the first month. It is important do not forget that in spite of being a intervention very simple and little invasive, it is an operation and it is necessary a post operation care and a time of recuperation.

19.- If because of my high graduation I can not operate with LASIK, żWhat alternative do I have to eliminate my visual problem? After studying your case if you can not resort to Lasik because of the high graduation, the alternative would be refractive intraocular surgery.

20.- I am pregnant, żCan I operate with laser? NO. You should finalize the pregnancy and the time of lactation. During the pregnancy there can be alterations in the graduation, and during the period of lactation.

21.- I have been diagnosed with cataract but I have to wait one year to be operated żhow long will I have to wait to operate? We do not have a list of wait, after the medical consultation you can be operated in a week

22.- I have heard that we have to wait until the complete formation of the cataract before the operation żis it true? All the contrary. To resort to the facoemulsification, nowadays is the better technique to eliminate the cataract, we do not have to wait to the complete formation. When you have the first symptoms go to the ophthalmologist and ask for an hour to the intervention.

23.- After being operated of cataract żCan I suffer again? No impossible, since the crystalline affected, has been replaced by a intraocular lens that can not be opaque.

24.- I am 46 years and I have never needed lens to see, but nowadays it is difficult to read the newspaper or see the menu in the restaurant żis there an alternative to the bifocal lens or progressive? Yes, The alternative is the monovision or combined vision that allows the person to avoid the lens in the 90% of the daily situations. It is true that there are other procedures, that we offer too, as the implantation of the intraocular lens (multifocal and accommodate), but our medical equipment recommend the laser as the first election for the cases of longsightedness.

25.- żWhat is the mono vision or combined vision? In spite of the fact that we see with both eyes, an eye is more specialized in seeing far (dominant eye), and other more specialized in seeing near (reader eye). Trough the Láser-Visión treatment

26.- Sometimes I notice as flies on the eyes. Persons of all the ages can suffer in their vision floating spots that seem insects flying. These "flying flies " develop in the watery humour, a light gel, similar to a fluid that fills a great part of the eye. With the time the vitreous sometimes separate in a fibrilar part and other watery. The fibrilar part can float behind the crystalline and cause the sensation of dark points in the vision. At the beginning, these flying flies are no associated with a ocular illness. However, a suddenly increase in the number of flying flies can be indicative of an important visual problem: detachment of retina or breaking of the blood vessels. Therefore, is recommended to go to the ophthalmologist when the flies makes its apparition to determine if it is the beginning of a serious problem or not.

27.- I am 21 years and I have been detected vague eye. żIs this can be corrected with laser? Unfortunately no. The vague eye is a problem that if is not detected and treated on time, produce a diminution of the acuteness visual that is irreversible from certain age, normally between 7 and 9 years (approximate age of maturity of the visual system), since the brain cells in charge of the vision that have not been stimulated during the childhood can not develop.

For this reason, Eyes Clinic OFTALMIC LASER carries out campaigns of prevention and diagnosis of amblyopia (vague eye) in the school population.

28.- żDoes the use of computers can damage my eyes? No. Work with computers do not alter your eyes. When we watch the monitor for long periods of time, read, we blink with less frequency. This can produce the sensation of dryness and tiredness in the eyes, but this does not mean that any damage has been produced.. It is recommended the use of artificial tears if it is present this kind of nuisances.

29.- żDo read with faint light can be harmful for the eyes? No. When you use your eyes with low light do not damage them. The good illumination facilitates the reading and prevents the sensation of ocular tiredness, but read with faint light does not produce any harmful effect on your eyes.

30.- żTo be sat near the television can be dangerous for the eyes of the children? No. The children have greater capacity to focus near without ocular tiredness. With frequency develop the habit of being very near to read or watch the television without the evidence that this produce any alteration. Despite this does not affect the eyes, is a sign of alarm that can indicate that the person has myopia: the persons who suffer from myopia come closer to the television to see the things with great clarity.

31.- żDo eat carrots improve the vision? No. The carrot is rich in vitamin A, which is necessary to the vision in minimum quantities. A balanced diet provides enough vitamin A without requiring carrots or supplement. The ingest of greater quantities of vitamin A are not going to improve the vision.

32.- żDoes the use of lens will make me depend of them in a permanent way? No. The lens correct the blurred vision. When you use them you will see very clear. The quantity of vision without lens is the same and in any case is affected by the use of these. Although this seems to be dependant of the lens, simply the eyes are seeing with clarity and it will be more evident the blurred vision without them.

33.- żIs it the same an Ophthalmologist than a Optometrist? No. The ophthalmologist is a doctor (surgeon doctor) specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of all the illness of the eyes. An specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of all the illness of the eyes. An ophthalmologist should complete 6 years of medicine and 3 years of training in the speciality.. He is qualified to provide all the aspects of ocular health including formulation of the lens, medicaments and surgeries. The optometrist is a professional trained to provide some aspects of the ocular care, among them the prescription and adaptation of the lens. The optometrist has studied a carrier of 5 years. He is not a doctor and he is not trained to formulate medicaments nor carry out surgeries .

34.- żDo the eyes can be transplanted? No. Until the moment does not exist technology to transplant complete eyes. The cornea can be transplanted to restore its transparency and form, trough the procedure known as keratoplasty.

35.- żDo the deviations of the eyes in the children disappear with the time? No. The child has a diverted eye (squint) he can develop irreversible bad vision (ambliopía) in the diverted eye. This is because the brain ignores the images that come from the diverted eye to do not have double vision. All child that seems to have diverted eyes should be examined by a ophthalmologist. In general, when the problem is treated on time, the results will be better. The treatment can consist in the use of lens or surgery.

36.- żDoes the myopia and the astigmatism are inherited? Yes. If both parents are myopic persons there is 50% of probability and only one 25%. Besides there are 2 additional factors: Read with low light and rub the eyes.

37.- żWhen do we should starts the prevention of the ocular problems? This starts in the childhood. For this reason detect the visual problems very early is important to avoid greater problems as permanent loss of the vision or difficulties in the learning.

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